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Out-of-hospital Chain of Survival

out-of-hospital chain of survival

The term Chain of Survival provides a useful metaphor for the elements of the ECC systems concept.

The 5 links in the adult out-of-hospital Chain of Survival are
  • Recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system
  • Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with an emphasis on chest compressions
  • Rapid defibrillation
  • Basic and advanced emergency medical services 
  • Advanced life support and post-cardiac arrest care
A strong Chain of Survival can improve chances of survival and recovery for victims of cardiac arrest.